Christ in the OT- Part 2
1st Baptist Church,
Des Moines, NM
Hello again! Iím Bryan Kimsey and Iím one of 2 pastor/elders at 1st Baptist Church in Des Moines. Weíre looking at Christ in the Old Testament this week and yesterday, I established my justification for this study. In other words, I try to teach as Biblically as I can, and before I go looking for Christ in the Old Testament, I need a warrant, or a license, or some kind of Biblical justification. I think we found that license in the Scriptures I presented, which included Christ preaching Himself "beginning at Moses and the prophets". We also looked at Hebrews 1:1-2, Acts 8:26-35, and 1 Peter 1:10-12 for additional passages which proclaim that the Christ was prophesized in the Old Testament. If you missed yesterdayís message, you can find it and many others on our website at www.fbcdesmoines.org (spell and repeat). Today weíll start looking at some specific examples of Christ in the Old Testament. May God through Jesus Christ be glorified in this message.
The first example Iíd look to look at occurs in Genesis 3. In Genesis 3, we see the fall of man due to Adamís sin against a simple commandment of God, we see man try to cover up his sin through his own efforts, we see Godís curse as a result of sin, and finally weíll see a foreshadowing of Christ. Watch for these things as we read Genesis Chapter 3:
Genesis 3:1-24 Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, "Has God indeed said, 'You shall not eat of every tree of the garden'?" (2) And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; (3) but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, 'You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.' " (4) Then the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die. (5) For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." (6) So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. (7) Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings. (8) And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. (9) Then the LORD God called to Adam and said to him, "Where are you?" (10) So he said, "I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself." (11) And He said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?" (12) Then the man said, "The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate." (13) And the LORD God said to the woman, "What is this you have done?" The woman said, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate." (14) So the LORD God said to the serpent:
"Because you have done this, You are cursed more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you shall go, And you shall eat dust All the days of your life. (15) And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel."
(16) To the woman He said:
"I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; In pain you shall bring forth children; Your desire shall be for your husband, And he shall rule over you."
(17) Then to Adam He said,
"Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, 'You shall not eat of it': "Cursed is the ground for your sake; In toil you shall eat of it All the days of your life. (18) Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, And you shall eat the herb of the field. (19) In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; For dust you are, And to dust you shall return."
(20) And Adam called his wife's name Eve, because she was the mother of all living. (21) Also for Adam and his wife the LORD God made tunics of skin, and clothed them. (22) Then the LORD God said, "Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever"ó (23) therefore the LORD God sent him out of the garden of Eden to till the ground from which he was taken. (24) So He drove out the man; and He placed cherubim at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.
There are many, many points to consider in this passage and, in fact, I used this same chapter when I was on KLMX a little over a month ago to illustrate the origin of sin. Today, though, I want to focus on the sin covering. At first, Adam and Eve were naked and were not ashamed. They were in a state of innocence. God had created them naked, naked they were, and that was just the normal state of things. No big deal to Adam and Eve. Well, unfortunately, they ate from the tree of knowledge of good and evil and all that innocence vanished. Suddenly, they knew they were naked and suddenly they were ashamed of their nakedness. Itís a little bit like wearing cowboy boots all your life- youíre comfortable in them, they fit you, they do the job, theyíre nothing to be ashamed of. Then you go to the Big City where no one wears cowboy boots and theyíre not seen as normal day wear but as something else. Suddenly, you become a lot more aware of your formerly comfortable boots and youíre ashamed of them. Thatís kind of what happened to Adam and Eve in the garden, except that the results of their awareness were devastating and far reaching.
So, Adam and Eve are aware of their nakedness and are ashamed. The awareness is a result of their disobedience toward Godís command and watch what they do next. They try to hide their nakedness by making fig leaf coverings for themselves. Note that the first covering is a result of their own efforts. They know they need something, but their attempts are feeble and inferior as weíll soon see. In verse 8, we see God coming into the Garden of Eden and Adam and Eve hide themselves from His presence. Again, they know that all is not right anymore and they know that something must be done, so they hide. But, again their attempts are futile- God knows exactly whatís up. After giving them a chance to confess their sins, God then pronounces the curse. Before we examine the curse, though, letís skip down to v. 21 which says "Öfor Adam and his wife the LORD God made tunics of skin, and clothed them." Here we see God providing a better covering for Adam and Eve- one made of skins. These would be sturdier, longer lasting, and provide better protection than fig leaves.
Two important points to note here are that the covering came after the curse, and the covering required the death of the one providing the covering. The first point is significant because it shows many of Godís attributes; He is holy and just and therefore cannot tolerate sin in his presence but must, in fact, punish it. Yet, at the same time, He is loving and merciful and provides a relief from this punishment. To understand the amazing depth of salvation, we must see the full picture of God- his wrath and his mercy, his justness and his love, his anger and his peace. The second point- that the covering required the death of the one providing the covering- is a foreshadowing of Christ. The penalty for disobedience to Godís command was death and this was abundantly clear to Adam and Eve because Eve said as much when she was talking to the serpent in v. 3. In the Garden, it was an animal that died, but later on, it was Christ, the perfect sacrifice who took our punishment and died. In the Garden, the garments only covered the sin, but Christ removes our sins forever and ever. We can see these things in:
Hebrews 9:22 And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission.
Now, letís go back and look at the curse and see another foreshadow of Christ. This occurs in
v. 15) And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel."
We think this is a foreshadow of Christ for several reasons. First, if we take this literally, then the verse says that man and snakes wonít get along. And, for the most part, they donít! But thereís more to the passage. Note that the verse says "her" seed, not "their" seed. This may prophesize the virgin birth in which the Holy Sprit overshadowed Mary to produce a non-sexually produced and therefore sinless birth. Note also the singular "seed", instead of "seeds". Note the singular "he shall bruise your head" instead of a plural "they shall bruise your head". All of these point to a singular person in the future having enmity with the serpent. In other places in the Bible we see:
Revelation 20:2 He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years;
Here we see the connection between "that serpent of old" and the devil and satan. This verse tells us that they are one and the same. In
Romans 16:20 And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
We see the use of the word "crush" in relation to Satan and the "God of peace". Taken as a whole, Genesis 3:15 can be seen as a prophetic statement regarding the eventual victory of Christ over the serpent and over the effects of sin.
So here we see, right in the very beginning of the Bible, a shadow of things to come. The key points to take away from the message are:
If you are still wearing a sin covering made from your own hands and from your own efforts, I urge you to cast it aside. Toss aside your fig leaf and put on the vastly superior covering that God Himself has provided. That covering is Christ. Put on Christ and be acceptable once more in the eyes of God. May his Holy name be praised and glorified for His wisdom, love, and mercy. Amen.
Christ in the OT- Part 1
Christ in the OT- Part 3